Spain On This Day – September 18


1502 – Christopher Columbus arrives in Honduras in his fourth and last voyage.
1544 – Francis I of France and Charles I of Spain (and Holy Roman Emperor), have signed La Paz of Crépy, which marked the exit of Carlos of the Italian War of 1542-1546.

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Castle de Cardona – Photo spainthisway.com

1714 – The Castle of Cardona in Cataluña, the last garrison of supporters of Charles IV of Austria, surrendered to the Duke of Anjou, Felipe V, in the Spanish War of Succession. Felipe then became the first Bourbon King of Spain.
1810 – The first National Government Junta was established in Chile, essentially the first step towards independence from Spain. It is now celebrated as a national holiday in Chile.
1928 – Juan de la Cierva makes its first flight by the English Channel aboard his autogyro.
1977 – Juan Carlos I concluded the first continental tour to Central America by a monarch of Spain in office.
1999 – ETA declared an indefinite truce unilaterally (ended on December 3, 1999).
2008 – debut of Racing de Santander in European competition (UEFA Cup).
2009 – cessation of emissions of Jetix and and start of Disney XD emissions in Spain.

Births:
1434 – Eleanor of Portugal and Aragón, Portuguese aristocrat, wife of Emperor Frederick III (s. 1467)
1525 – Pedro Enríquez de Acevedo, soldier and politician (d. 1610)
1750 – Tomás de Irarte, poet and dramatist.
1779 – Tomás Roda Rodríguez, bishop (d. 1858)
1782 – José Tomás Boves, soldier (d. 1814)
1860 – Adolfo González Posada, lawyer, sociologist and writer (d. 1944)
1863 – Lamberto Alonso, painter and tenor (d. 1929)
1888 – Casilda Fernández de Henestrosa y Salabert, noble (d. 1987)
1890 – Tomás Bilbao, architect and politician (d. 1954)
1890 – Anastasio de Gracia, unionist and politician (d. 1981)
1893 – Frederic Marès, sculptor (d. 1991)
1897 – Pablo Sorozábal, composor (d. 1988)
1901 – Eduard Junyent, priest, historiana and archiologist (d. 1978)
1911 – Carmen Kurtz, writer (d. 1999)
1913 – Anselmo Pardo Alcaide, entomologist (d. 1977)
1913 – Marta Rocafort and Altuzarra, second wife of Alfonso, Prince of Asturias (d. 1993)
1916 – Mercedes Salisachs, writer.
1918 – José Pérez Gil, painter (d. 2008)
1923 – Xavier Valls, painter (d. 2006)
1944 – Isabelo Ramírez, footballer
1945 – Vicente Ripa, politician and professor.
1946 – Rocío Jurado, flamenco singer and actress (d. 2006)
1946 – África Pratt, actress.
1949 – Javier Barrero, politician.
1950 – Josefa Frau, politician.
1950 – Empar de Lanuza Hurtado, writer.
1954 – Francisco Canals Beviá, politician.
1957 – Carlos Azagra, cartoonist.
1957 – Xosé Manuel Barreiro, politician.
1957 – Javier Cansado, comic
1960 – Elena Valenciano, politician.
1961 – Iñigo Urkullu, Basque politician.
1962 – Xavier Capellas, composer.
1963 – Neus Sanz, actress.
1966 – Gabino Diego who won the 1991 Goya Award as Best Supporting Actor for the Carlos Saura film ¡Ay Carmela!
1967 – Samuel Ruiz Fuertes, politician.
1968 – Ricardo Bango, footballer.
1970 – Alejandro Agag, businessman.
1971 – Josep Guardiola football player and manager.
1971 – Juan José Valencia, footballer.
1973 – Aitor Karanka de la Hoz, footballer.
1976 – Carlitos, footballer.
1978 – Pilar López de Ayala, actress.
1978 – Irache Quintanal, athlete.
1979 – Daniel Aranzubia Aguado, footballer.
1981 – Aitor Luna, actor.
1985 – Braulio Nóbrega, footballer.
1989 – Serge Ibaka, Congolese, basketball player
1990 – Cristina Ouviña, basketball player.
1991 – Bruno Hortelano, athlete.

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Deaths:
895 – Ricarda Andlau, empress and wife of Charles III (the Fat) (b. 840)
999 – The First Werewolf Licaón, Licantropo Greek-Hispanic.
1328 – Garci Álvarez de Albornoz, V senor of Albornoz.
1624 – Pedro Osores de Ulloa, soldier and administrator (b. 1540)
1893 – Joan Baptista Grau i Vallespinós, clergyman (b. 1832)
1908 – Emilia Calé, writer.(b. 1837)
1913 – Rosendo García-Ramos y Bretillard, scientist and archiologist (b. 1835)
1936 – Emiliano Bajo Iglesias, politician (b. 1889)
1936 – Teodoro Olarte Aizpuru, businessman and politician.
1943 – Magdalena Cruells y Comas, nun (b. 1864)
1963 – Zacarías de Vizcarra, bishop (b. 1880)
1968 – León Felipe, poet (b. 1884)
1977 – Jaume Elías, fufootballer (b. 1919)
1979 – José Pascual Vila, chemist (b. 1895)
1981 – Alfredo Moreno Uribe, engineer (b. 1902)
1983 – José Pérez Ocaña, painter and activitist (b. 1947)
1998 – Poch, musician (Derribos Arias) (b. 1954)
2012 – Santiago Carrillo, communist politician (b. 1915)
2013 – Rafael del Estad, musician (b. 1938)



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