1522 – Juan Sebastián Elcano took over command of the expedition. He brought the only surviving ship back home to Spain in 1522.
Juan Sebastian Elcano
1596 – Diego de Montemayor founds the city of Monterrey in New Spain.
1697 – The Treaty of Ryswick is signed by France, England, Spain, the Holy Roman Empire and the Dutch Republic ending the Nine Years’ War (1688–97).
1920 – Lt Col José Millán-Astray y Terreros founds the Spanish Foreign Legion and became its first commander.
1893 – Heraclio Alfaro Fournier, engineer and aviator (d. 1962)
1897 – Arturo Barea, writer.
1917 – The renowned actor Fernando Rey was born as Fernando Casado D’Arambillet in La Coruña. He was famous for dubbing the voice of Laurence Olivier and achieved international fame for his work with the Spanish director, Luis Buñuel, in the 1960s and 70s. He died in 1994.
1918 – Juan García Iranzo, cartoonist and screenwriter.
1928 – Manuel Seco, philosipher.
1933 – Enrique de la Mata, politician (d. 1987)
1951 – Javier Marías, journalist, author, and academic
1955 – José Rivero, golfer
1971 – Sergio Luyk, basketball player (b. 2008)
1981 – Feliciano López Díaz-Guerra, tennis player was born in Toledo. He reached the Wimbledon quarter finals in 2005, becoming the first male Spanish tennis player to do so since 1972.
1998 – Roger Príncep, actor.
1592 – Francisco Vallés, doctor (b. 1524)
1796 – Juan José Delhuyar, chemist (b. 1754)
1908 – Nicolás Salmerón, President of the First Spanish Republic in 1873.
1908 – Pablo Sarasate, violinist and composer.
1930 – Luis Gilabert Ponce, sculptor